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Post-invasion, American military aid averaged about million annually throughout the occupation of East Timor, and arms sales increased exponentially under President Carter.
This policy continued until 1999, when Clinton was outraged by Indonesia's defiance of East Timor referendum results that heavily favored independence. Bush administration claim part of the credit by arguing that the Bush Doctrine advocated democracy as an antidote to terrorism, and Indonesia's experience vindicated the Doctrine.
Thousands of pro-Dutch Indonesians went there as well.
The result for the new nation of 77 million people was a triumph of nationalism, and a prolonged economic depression because of its lack of capital and managerial skills.
Indonesia help sponsor the Non-Aligned Movement along with India and Yugoslavia, To assert its independence from both the Soviet Union and NATO.
When Indonesia started selling rubber to Communist China in the mid-1950s, the Eisenhower administration protested and persuaded Jakarta to stop the sales, allowing friendly relations to resume.
Recent research into newly opened documents indicate that anti-Communism was not the main reason Western support for Indonesia's takeover of East Timor.
On December 7, 1975, Ford and Kissinger met Indonesian President Suharto in Jakarta and indicated the United States would not take a position on East Timor.