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The oldest evidence of pottery manufacture has been found at an archaeological site known as Odai Yamamoto, in Japan, where fragments from a specific vessel have been dated to about 16,500-14,920 years ago.
Non-agricultural Jomon peoples of Japan were producing clay pots used for food preparation that were elaborately decorated by about 13,000 years ago.
Through this method, temperatures could range from about 600 to about 800-900 degrees Celsius, which are relatively low temperatures.
Japanese Jomon pottery (dated back to 13,000 years ago) and Middle Nile Egyptian vessels (from about 10,000 years ago) are some examples of pottery produced using this technique.
Open firing techniques were used to produce the earliest pottery.
The term refers to objects made of clay that have been fashioned into a desire shape, dried, and either fired or baked to fix their form.
Due to its abundance and durability, pottery is one of the most common types of items found by archaeologists during excavations, and it has the potential of providing valuable information about the human past.
The second chamber, called Lesedi, is also similarly hard to reach, and contains remains from about 130 specimens, including one adult skeleton that’s very well preserved.
Both chambers only contain used to site to bury its dead. The 15 partial skeletons were uncovered deep inside a cave in South Africa — and featured human-like hands and feet, but surprisingly small brains the size of a gorilla's (a third the size of modern human's).