This makes the capillaries in the nail bed below visible, resulting in a pink color.In common usage, the word nail often refers to this part only.Nails can also become thickened (onychogryphosis), loosened (onycholysis), infected with fungus (onychomycosis), or degenerate (onychodystrophy).A common nail disorder is an ingrowing toenail (onychocryptosis).It is just under the free edge, in that portion of the nail where the nail bed ends and can be recognized in fair-skinned people by its glassy, greyish colour.It is not visible in some individuals while it is highly prominent on others.The free margin (margo liber) or distal edge is the anterior margin of the nail plate corresponding to the abrasive or cutting edge of the nail.The onychodermal band is the seal between the nail plate and the hyponychium.
The best way to care for nails is to trim them regularly.
Together, the eponychium and the cuticle form a protective seal.
The cuticle is the semi-circular layer of almost invisible dead skin cells that "ride out on" and cover the back of the visible nail plate while the eponychium is the fold of skin cells that produces the cuticle.
Standard hygiene and sanitation procedures avoid transmission.
In some cases, gel and cream cuticle removers can be used instead of cuticle scissors.Fingernails require three to six months to regrow completely, and toenails require twelve to eighteen months.